Walnut and almond saplings may be planted as naked root and tubed. Saplings with naked root must be planted between November and April. Tubed saplings may be planted in any month of the year. We must pay attention to avoid that the roots are coiled up and twisted. The root must not be planted as shallow or deep so as to leave an air gap in the soil. Capillary roots that are broken and jammed and the taproot are cleaned by cutting 2-3 cm from the bottom. The saplings that are tubed and covered must be planted absolutely after removing the nylon and containers. During plantation, it must be planted without dispersing the soil mass, in which the root system is placed.

Attention is paid to place the saplings into the pits in suitable sizes to be opened depending on the root structure, age, and length of the saplings, to compress the soil, and to give sap, in both plantations.

*Saplings must not be planted on days, on which frost is expected.
*Bottom of the saplings must be hoed again 4-5 days after the plantation, against soil shear.
*In must be ensured that the tall saplings are tied to a pole in order to prevent swinging due to wind.

Starting point of sapling cultivation is preparing for sapling plantation and planting the sapling. In case the supplied walnut saplings are not planted duly, then it causes the saplings to dry out and creates disappointment both for our farmers and investors.

How the Walnut Sapling Must be Planted and the Mistakes Made

1. Tilling the Land; The garden, in which we shall carry out planting, is ploughed deeply via plough and detonation is made. Then it is smoothened by passing over it with dredge.
Particularly the lands, which were not tilled previously, must be ploughed deeply in order to enable them to collect winter rains. It is important regarding the water need of the saplings, which occurs in spring.
Drainage and levelling procedures must be carried out on the lands deemed necessary. Failing to prepare the land is most frequent lack in walnut cultivation.

2. Determining the Locations of Sapling Pits; Distance of the sapling pits must be determined by measuring via meter depending on the type of sapling, and it must be ensured that they are aligned with the help of a rope.
Opening the sapling pits randomly and being not aligned are among the faults determined.

3. Opening the Sapling Pit; The sapling pits to be opened for planting walnut saplings must have a width of 50 cm and a depth of 100 cm. This data is for soils having a medium hardness, in which the root can grow comfortably.
If your soil has a high hardness, then the pits must be opened via construction equipment up to 200 cm.
Failing to open deep sapling pits in hard soils effects the development of the sapling negatively.
Sapling pits must be opened 2-3 months before plantation and the soil must be allowed to meet sun and oxygen, and it must be ensured that the life of beneficial bacteria is strengthened.

4. Fertilizing the Sapling Pit; Mixture of (1) scale of surface soil, (1) scale of river sand and (1) scale of burnt cattle manure (well-burnt), or solid organic fertilizer must be used in planting saplings.
Burnt animal manure must be (2)-year burnt cattle or sheep manure.
Compound fertilizer of 300-500 gr may be used at the bottom of the sapling pits without contacting it with the roots according to the analysis results in sapling plantation.
Use of non-burnt animal manure, goat manure, and chicken manure is among the matters we have determined causing the death of the saplings due to the density of acid.

5. Location of Graft Node; Graft node shall be 8-10 cm above the soil after plantation and the joint point of the graft shall indicate the South. It is an important matter for the grafting area to continue to develop and strengthen.
It was observed in some of our gardens that the grafting node remained under the soil or covered with soil after plantation.

6. Support Bar; Support bar is needed in order to prevent the break of the sapling due to the winds and move of the roots. Support bar must have a length of 2.5 meters approximately.
It must be fixed about 10 cm close to the sapling and it must be ensured that the sapling is tied via a cloth that shall not cut the sapling.
In case the support bar is too far from the sapling, then it causes the sapling to be strained and broken down from the grafting.

7. Pruning of the First Year; We must carry out the top pruning when getting out of the first winter, thus before the sapling livens up. Top pruning must be made 40-50 cm above the grafting point. If the sapling did not reach to that height, then top pruning must be left to the next year.
Grafting max must be applied on the area that is cut against the unexpected frost incidents.

8.Planting is completed by giving sap.